Be More Informed By Understanding Your Home Loan Mortgage Lender Options. If you’re looking to purchase a home, then it’s important to understand that the first step in the home buying process is to choose and meet with a lender. Before obtaining a home loan mortgage, it’s in your best interest to understand the different lender options available so that you can make the best decisions possible and ensure that the home buying process is a rewarding experience.Do you want to learn more? Visit Phoenix Home Loan.
Types of Lenders
There are several different types of financial institutions that offer mortgage loans. These include mortgage banks and credit unions, among others. Federal and state agencies regulate most of these lenders and require them to follow federal and state mortgage law.
- Mortgage Brokers
– A mortgage broker is a middleman, representing a wide variety of lenders ranging from online mortgage companies to traditional national banks. They act as intermediaries who sell home mortgage loans for individuals or businesses. As the mortgage market has become increasingly competitive in our society, the role of mortgage brokers has overtaken traditional banks and lending institutions as the largest sellers of mortgage products. Although brokers will often offer a greater variety of lending options, they may also be less regulated depending on the state.
- Mortgage Banks
– A mortgage bank is a lender that specializes in originating and selling home mortgage loans directly to consumers. The key difference between a mortgage banker and a mortgage broker is that a mortgage banker funds its lending with its own capital, obtaining their funds by selling their loans in the secondary mortgage market. Once they originate a loan, they place it on a warehouse line of credit until they can sell it to an investor such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac.
- Banks and Credit Unions
– National banks and credit unions raise money to fund mortgage loans through their customers’ checking and savings accounts and certificates of deposit. They provide loans to individual consumers or businesses with the money they have on deposit. Larger institutions may also sell mortgage-backed securities in the financial market to obtain funding to sell mortgage loans to customers. When banks and credit unions make a mortgage loan, they will either hold it in portfolio or sell it to large secondary mortgage market investors such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac.
- Savings and Loan Associations
– A savings and loan association (S&L), or “thrift,” specializes in accepting savings deposits and making loans, particularly mortgage loans, and they are owned by and operated for the benefit of its members. In other words, a savings association member is a stockholder in the company, which is typically incorporated and must adhere to federal or state incorporation requirements.